National, State and Local - Registry Criteria
Below are the criteria for evaluation for eligibility for the National Register and for the California State register. The National Register criteria is what California has mimicked for the state register. 36CFRPart 60 specifically discusses the 50 year mark for inclusion in the National Register with allowances for inclusion for those structures that carry historic significance that are not yet 50 years of age.
Although the state register does not specifically call out the 50 year mark, it refers to being "consistent" with the National Register's criteria. The state register does discuss the allowance for inclusion of properties that are not yet fifty years old, and the reason why we need a certain amount of time to be able to "obtain a scholarly perspective," however it does not explicitly state the 50 year mark for inclusion as does the National Register criteria.
It can be concluded from these two sections, however, that because the National Register criteria does state the 50 year rule, and because the state criteria does mention the allowance for inclusion of buildings that are less than 50 years old, and conformance with the National Register criteria, that the state is also using the 50 year rule. Code of Federal Regulations Title 36 Part 60 (36CFRPart 60)s 60.4 Criteria for evaluation
The criteria applied to evaluate properties (other than areas of the National Park System and National Historic Landmarks) for the National Register are listed below. These criteria are worded in a manner to provide for a wide diversity of resources. The following criteria shall be used in evaluating properties for nomination to the National Register, by NPS in reviewing nominations, and for evaluating National Register eligibility of properties. Guidance in applying the criteria is further discussed in the How To publications, Standards & Guidelines sheets and Keeper's opinions of the National Register. Such materials as available upon request. National Register criteria for evaluation. The quality of significance in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture is present in districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects that possess integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association and
(a) that are associated with events that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of our history; or
(b) that are associated with the lives of persons significant in our past; or
(c) that embody the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction, or that represent the work of a master, or that possess high artistic values, or that represent a significant and distinguishable entity whose components may lack individual distinction; or
(d) that have yielded, or may be likely to yield, information important in prehistory or history. Criteria considerations. Ordinarily cemeteries, birthplaces, or graves of historical figures, properties owned by religious institutions or used for religious purposes, structures that have been moved from their original locations, reconstructed historic buildings, properties primarily commemorative in nature, and properties that have achieved significance within the past 50 years shall not be considered eligible for the National Register. However, such properties will qualify if they are integral parts of districts that do meet the criteria of if they fall within the following categories:
(a) A religious property deriving primary significance from architectural or artistic distinction or historical importance; or
(b) A building or structure removed from its original location but which is significant primarily for architectural value, or which is the surviving structure most importantly associated with a historic person or event; or
(c) A birthplace or grave of a historical figure of outstanding importance if there is no appropriate site or building directly associated with his productive life.
(d) A cemetery which derives its primary significance from graves of persons of transcendent importance, from age, from distinctive design features, or from association with historic events; or
(e) A reconstructed building when accurately executed in a suitable environment and presented in a dignified manner as part of a restoration master plan, and when no other building or structure with the same association has survived; or
(f) A property primarily commemorative in intent if design, age, tradition, or symbolic value has invested it with its own exceptional significance; or
(g) A property achieving significance within the past 50 years if it is of exceptional importance. This exception is described further in NPS How To #2, entitled How to Evaluate and Nominate Potential National Register Properties That Have Achieved Significance Within the Last 50 Years which is available from the National Register of Historic Places Division, National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C. 20240. California Resources Code Chapter 14 part 4852 (14 CCR 4852)
1. The criteria for listing historical resources in the California Register are consistent with those developed by the National Park Service for listing historical resources in the National Register, but have been modified for state use in order to include a range of historical resources which better reflect the history of California. Only resources which meet the criteria as set out below may be listed in or formally determined eligible for listing in the California Register.
2. Historical resources achieving significance within the past fifty (50) years. In order to understand the historic importance of a resource, sufficient time must have passed to obtain a scholarly perspective on the events or individuals associated with the resource. A resource less than fifty (50) years old may be considered for listing in the California Register if it can be demonstrated that sufficient time has passed to understand its historical importance.City Registry Criteria Section 24.12.440 Santa Cruz Historic Building Survey
1. Background – Availability. The Santa Cruz Historic Building Survey, Volume I – prepared for the city of Santa Cruz by Charles Hall Page and Associates Inc., and published in 1976, and Volume II – prepared by John Chase, Daryl Allen and Jeanne Gordon, and published is 1989, is hereby adopted, as amended, as the Santa Cruz Historic Building Survey, and is incorporated herein by reference. Three copies of said building survey are, and shall be, maintained on file in the office of the city clerk, city of Santa Cruz, for the use of, and examination by, the public. See Chapter 24.08 for permits and requirements relating to Historic Building Survey buildings.
2. Procedure for Amending Historic Building Survey.
a. The city council may amend the Historic Building Survey by resolution by adding buildings or property to the survey or deleting buildings or property from the survey. This shall be done following a recommendation by the historic preservation commission. The historic preservation commission shall report to the city council on changes to buildings or property listed on the survey, and the commission shall recommend initiation of a new survey when there is a need to update the Historic Building Survey.
b. A public hearing shall be held by both the city historic preservation commission and the city council, allowing time for notice to the owner or owners of the property and to the public pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 24.04.
c. Actions by both bodies shall be based on the following criteria:
The property is either a building, site, or object that is:
1. Recognized as a significant example of the cultural, natural, archaeological, or built heritage of the city, state, or nation; and/or
2. Associated with a significant local, state, or national event; and/or
3. Associated with a person or persons who significantly contributed to the development of the city, state, or nation; and/or
4. Associated with an architect, designer, or builder whose work has influenced the development of the city, state, or nation; and/or
5. Recognized as possessing special aesthetic merit or value as a building with quality of architecture and that retains sufficient features showing its architectural significance; and/or
6. Recognized as possessing distinctive stylistic characteristics or workmanship significant for the study of a period, method of construction, or use of native materials; and/or
7. Retains sufficient integrity to accurately convey its significance.
The district is:
8. Recognized as a geographically definable area possessing a significant concentration of buildings that are well designed and other structures, sites, and objects which are united by past events or by a plan or physical development; or is
9. Recognized as an established and geographically definable neighborhood united by culture, architectural styles or physical development.
d. Upon the initiation of an amendment to the Historic Building Survey to add a building or buildings, no zoning or building or demolition permit shall be issued for a period of sixty days or until final action by the city council, whichever occurs first. An exception may be made where public health and safety require it. A public hearing shall be held upon any initiation of an amendment to the Historic Building Survey.
(Ord. 2003-14 § 1 (part), 2003: Ord. 86-13 § 6, 1986: Ord. 85-05 § 1 (part), 1985). Back to top